Iranians History on This Day

 Jul 1 

Disobedience of the Egyptians towards their Iranian governor
By July 1rst, 425 BC, it had become certain for the Iranian governor in Egypt that the Athenians were instigating the Egyptians against the Persian Empire. A hundred years had passed since the rule of Iranians over Egyptians, when the latter started delaying payment of taxes to the Iranian governor and this delay gradually became common among Egyptians and aroused the suspicion of the governor. He carried out an overall investigation. These investigations proved to the governor that the instigations of the Egyptians in this disobedience were from Athenians who had enmity with the Iranian government because of its supporting the Spartans. The Athenians, from long back, had trade relationship with the Egyptians and would travel to and from the Egypt ports. In addition, Egypt had small Athenian communities in its country. In those days, war was going on between Sparta and Athens and the Iranian government (the Persian Empire) was supporting the Spartans by sending financial aid, arms, supplies and ships, and finally, this support resulted in the victory of the Spartans. These wars that lasted for many years, are famous in history as Peloponnesian Wars, which Thucydides, the historian, wrote from his personal experience of the wars, in the same name.
    Athenians would call the Iranian government ‘imperialist’ and this term started being used from that time.
    Egypt was conquered by Cambyses (Kambujieh or Kambuzia), son and heir of Kooroosh the Great (Cyrus the Great), in 526 BC, and Iranians added parts of Sudan (Nubia of those days) and Libya to their territory.
    Disobedience of Egyptians in 425 BC, which was their third such incidence during the rule of Iranians, was suppressed by dispatch of auxiliary forces from Fars and Kerman, by sea, and the Athenians were exiled from Egypt and prohibited from entering Egypt. In those times, Iranian ships would sail to and from The Persian gulf through the waterway that was dug by the orders of Dariush (Darius) the Great, into the depths of Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea. The rule of Iran over Egypt lasted 20 years after the disobedience case in 425 BC, in total 120 years. The Iranian government would govern over Egypt as one of their provinces (Satrapy). For this reason, historians would call the Achaemenian kings the 27th dynasty of Egypt. Centuries after that period, the Jews of Egypt would still consider themselves as subjects of the Iranian empire.
    It is to be noted that by the orders of Dariush the Great, a waterway was dug between the Red Sea and the Nile River so that ships sail directly from the Persian gulf to Egypt, and it was for this reason that the Iranian forces stationed in Egypt, in the course of 120 years rule of Iran, and also government officials and Iranian governors in Egypt would be assigned from Kerman and Fars provinces because they were closer to the Persian gulf, and both revolts in the years 425 and 454 BC in Egypt were defeated by fresh soldiers dispatched from Kerman and Fars. The signs and remnants of the waterway between the Red Sea and Nile, and the respective plates, were discovered by archeologists three decades ago, and are available.
The opinion of a Parsi about wealth, after the death of the wealthy
On 30 June 1823 Dinshah Manekji, the founder of weaving industry in India, was born. He was a Parsi (Zoroastrian) who, during the rule of the Ghajars, when Iran was suffering from poverty and mismanagement, established a fund for sending aid to Iranians. Dinshah, who was also one of the members of the Legislation Board of the Indian government, and died on 5 May 1901, endowed his wealth for founding a university for women, the Bombay technology Institute, a hospital and a veterinary clinic, and . . ., all of which are operational up to date, and the Bombay Technology Institute has earned world fame. Dinshah, who was the grandfather of the wife of Mohammad Ali Jinah (the founder of Pakistan) spread all over the world; the idea that a wealthy person should endow his wealth for public services, and leaving all the wealth for the children is like depriving the society. Every individual belongs to his society and whatever he has he owes to the society, and therefore, should give part of it for the welfare of the society. Son of Dinshah, in spite of the objection of London, who was ruling over India in 1932 (1311 Iranian calendar), came to Iran and gave many proposals to the government for industrializing Iran with the help of Parsis of India but his efforts had no result!, and this remains in the contemporary history of Iran as a mystery. If those proposals had been accepted, Iran would have now been in the same level as India in industry and technology, because actually, the Parsis had industrialized India.
    Translation by Rowshan Lohrasbpour (Amorsdad-News writer)





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