Iranians History on This Day
 
 
 
 

 
 Oct 27 


The year when Iran became the biggest power in the Mediterranean region – a view at the policies of Iran in the 4th century BC

    
    
This piece of history will be completely edited later

    
    On 27 October 398 BC, Conon, the famous Athenian admiral, who had taken refuge in Iran with a number of Athenian naval officers, was employed in Iran’s naval force in the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas, and as per the decision of Ardeshir II (Artaxerxes), the then king of the Achamenian dynasty, they were put at the disposal of Pharnabazus, the famous Iranian general, and commander of the forces stationed in the west and northwest, including Egypt, Cyprus, Phoenicia and Asia Minor, and were effective in renovating the Iranian fleet in the Aegean and Mediterranean.
    With the help of these renovated war ships General Pharnabazus (Farne Baz) defeated the Spartans in Cnidus and then captured some cities in the Laconia area in the southwest of the Balkan peninsula and put an end to the invasions of the Spartans, who had won over Athens with the help of Iran, in the Mediterranean And Aegean region. According to a secret pact between Iran and Sparta, the latter was not supposed to start capturing the Greek ‘country – cities’ after victory over Athens.
    After the defeat of the Spartans from Pharnabazus, after about one century, Iran succeeded to implement its strategy in the Hellenic world (Greek speaking cities), i.e., balance of power among the Greek ‘country – cities’ and keeping them separate and preventing their establishing another Dellian League and also stopping their anti Persian instigation in Egypt and Cyprus.
    Under this policy the government of Iran gave financial aid to some of these ‘country – cities’, including Athens, to repair the destructions occurred from the lengthy Peloponnesian war and restore their economy. After that, in 391 BC, Pharnabazus suppressed a revolt against Iran in Cyprus and next year he helped two Iranian generals who were assigned to subside the conspiracy in the Egyptian Satrapi (province).
    Pharnabazus was the son-in-law of Ardeshir II.
    
    Translation by Rowshan Lohrasbpour (AmordadNews writer)
    
    
    
    

 



 



 




 
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