Iranians History on This Day

 Oct 17 

Conquer of Anshan and the rise of the Achamenian dynasty – another reference to the thoughts of Kooroosh

This piece of history will be completely edited later

    Based on Herodotus scripts and other historians who have studied the history of ancient Iran, and also discoveries of archeologists, Achamenia, one of the noble men from Persia, captured Anshan, situated 46 km on the north of today’s Shiraz, in the first month of autumn (October), in 675 BC, and this is the rising point of the Achamenian dynasty. The city of Anshan was one of the two capitals of Elamite. The other capital was Soosa. With this capture the Iranian Empire was born, and 7 decades later, with the conquest of Babylonia, Kourosh II (Kourosh the Great) complemented it, and in October 539 BC, he declared its formal establishment, which is described on the clay cylinder of Kourosh. This cylinder, which is kept in the British Museum, was discovered in 1879, in the archeological excavations of Babylonia. This same cylinder is known as the first charter of nations and the declaration of human rights, and a very valuable document of the honours
     of mankind. On this cylinder Kourosh (Cyrus = Kooroosh) mentions about a universal government consisting of united, independent nations with equal rights, and stresses on human freedom and rights and a ruling system that is approved by the people (democracy), security of lives, possessions and esteem of the people, and building a world free of fear, terrorism and disorder.
    Ariaramnes, Kourosh I, Kambiz I and Teispes, respectively, after Achamenia, ruled over Persia with the capital being Anshan. Kourosh II (Kourosh the Great) was the grandson of the then king of Medes. With the intention of uniting the two Iranian (Medes and Persian) nations, Kourosh’ father had married Mandana, daughter of the king of Medes, whose mother was the daughter of the king of Lydia (Anatolia). As a result Kourosh considered himself the heir of the government of the whole of ‘Iran Land’ and united the country and brought it under one central government. He had special consideration for ethics and human dignity and his war with the Masagtana tribe in the Mesopotamia area was mainly because this tribe did not have respect for the law of marriage and did not think sexual behavior in public an unethical act. As they came close to the present Tajikistan from the northern plains, Kourosh feared that their social behavior and life style would
     affect Iran and therefore went into war with them, but lost his life in 529 BC, and his body was brought back to his homeland, Pasargad, according to his will. His tomb has remained safe from the harms of time in the past 25 centuries and has come to us. Now, it is for us (all Iranian races) to preserve it.
    Translation by Rowshan Lohrasbpour (AmordadNews writer)




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